ORAL HYGIENE FOR PREGNANT WOMEN at Center For Modern Dentistry
Maintenance of optimum oral hygiene during pregnancy is very crucial because of the changes that occur which could affect gums and teeth during the period.
WHY ORAL HYGIENE DURING PREGNANCY PERIOD?
There are two major things bound to happen during the pregnancy period calling for oral hygiene.
- Hormonal changes
Additional progesterone amounts lead to stronger reactions due the normal level of plague leading to the development of red and puffy gums during pregnancy. Women with extremely sensitive gums are advised to try a specialty interdental cleaning tool or a soft loss that slides between the teeth with ease and without causing any discomfort.
- Frequent eating
Pregnant women are most likely to consume foods and fluids frequently through the day. With the increased consumption, comes a greater exposure to cavities hence a regular flossing routine and proper tooth brushing is recommended.
DENTAL CONDITIONS THAT AFFECT PREGNANT WOMEN
- Tooth mobility.
This occurs due to the temporary loosening of the ligaments and bones that support the teeth. However it is important to note that unless there are any other complications present, it is unlikely that tooth loss could occur.
This is an inflammatory response in which plague sticks to the teeth and releases bacterial toxins that cause infection to the gum and bones.it mostly results as an effect of untreated gingivitis. Periodontitis can lead to bacteraemia.
- Pregnancy gingivitis.
It is an increased inflammatory response to dental plague which causes tooth gingivae to both swell and bleed easily in pregnant women.
In order to help with the irritation, rinsing with warm salt water is advised.
- Tooth erosion
This is most common due to the increased exposure to gastric acid as a result of morning sickness, gastric reflux and hyperemesis gravidarum. These acids are able to erode the tooth enamel. In order to neutralize the respective acids; pregnant women are advised to rinse their teeth with a solution made of baking soda.
- Benign oral lesions
They could occur due to increased inflammatory response to pathogens commonly regress after pregnancy.
Excision is hardly ever necessary unless there is bleeding, severe pain or mastication interference.
- Dental caries
This occurs due to increased acidity in the mouth following a high intake of sugary foods and beverages associated with pregnancy cravings especially if accompanied with decreased oral health care maintenance.
HOW PREGNANT WOMEN CAN ACHIEVE ORAL HYGIENE.
In addition to sound brushing of the teeth and flossing, pregnant women can observe good oral hygiene by consuming proper nutrition. They should be able to eat healthy foods with a high intake of minerals such as calcium and phosphorous, vitamins A, D and C together with proteins.